University Breast Care Services
The following services are available through the University Breast Center.
- Mammography Screening—A safe and simple X-ray procedure that creates an image of the breast. This exam includes a minimum of two X-ray views of each breast. A clear image is created by compressing the breast tissue to separate overlapping tissue. This increases the chances of locating potential problems of the breast.
- Full-Field Digital Mammography—Provides optimal breast imaging and comfort with a lower X-ray dose. The digital mammography system from Siemens Medical Solutions offers digital screening, diagnosis and stereotactic biopsy capabilities.
- Ultrasound Examination—Ultrasound examines the breast tissue by using high-frequency, inaudible sound waves. This procedure is safe, painless and does not require exposure to X-rays. It also is very helpful for young or pregnant women who cannot have X-rays, as well as women with questionable mammography findings.
- Ultrasound and Stereotactic-Guided Biopsy or Vacuum Assisted Biopsy—Abnormalities detected by mammography or ultrasound are “sampled” with these procedures. These tissue samples can greatly enhance the physician’s ability to accurately diagnose potential areas of concern. These samples are taken using special needle biopsy devices and may eliminate the need for an open surgical biopsy. Both procedures have received accreditation by the American College of Radiology—a rare achievement that insures the highest quality of service.
- Wire Localization—This technique increases the accuracy of the biopsy and allows the smallest amount of breast tissue to be removed. This procedure uses a thin wire to lead the surgeon to the exact spot for the biopsy. It is used when an abnormal area is detected by mammogram but cannot be felt during a physical exam.
- Ductal Lavage—A minimally invasive method of collecting cells from the breast milk ducts where cancer often begins. The cells are analyzed to determine if any are abnormal or “atypical.” Atypical cells are not cancerous but may increase your risk of developing breast cancer. This information allows you and your physician to make decisions on how to reduce your risk.
- Cyst Aspiration—When a cyst is detected by a mammogram or ultrasound, the fluid is removed by this process for symptomatic relief or further evaluation and analysis.
- Breast Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping—This procedure is done to detect early metastases (spread) to the lymph nodes of the axilla (armpit). The sentinel lymph node is thought to represent the “first” lymph node to receive drainage from the primary site of the breast cancer. A small amount of radioactive tracer material is injected into the breast tissue prior to surgery and an X-ray picture is taken to visualize the lymph node system. The surgeon also uses a small probe to find the lymph node in the operating room. If the sentinel lymph node is free of cancer, the other lymph nodes in the axilla may not need to be removed. This minimizes the risks and side effects of a full lymph node dissection.
- Bone Density Screening for Osteoporosis—Osteoporosis is a disease that affects millions of people every year. However, early detection of the disease can lead to preventive treatment. This examination is helpful in measuring the amount of mineral in the bone, which relates directly to bone strength. The DPX requires that the patient lie on a table for only a few minutes while fully clothed, and it is done with a very low dose X-ray.