Chemotherapy regimens often require a port, or port-a-cath, to allow optimal delivery of chemotherapy. A port is a reservoir that is attached to a catheter, and the entire device is placed under the skin in the upper chest. A special needle is placed through the skin and into the reservoir. Chemotherapy is delivered into the port which then delivers the treatment into the blood stream. A port is not permanent but can stay in for many years.
We use a port because some chemotherapy regimens require delivery of treatment through an IV (infusions) over several days. The chemotherapy is placed in a pack that is taken home for three to five days and then removed. A port is required for this type of therapy.